High Death Rate in Noncommunicable Diseases - World Health Organization

June 07 2020 | India | Advertising | News | by Dr. S K Maharana

The certain type of diseases in the human society which are in non-communicable diseases (NCD), it’s called as chronic diseases, which stays in long duration in our society inform of non-transferable diseases. These NCDs are increasing day by day due to certain things like, combination of genetics, physiological, environmental, behavioral factors, increasing and changing lifestyles in this 21st century.


The type of NCD are cardiovascular diseases (Heart Attack), diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases (Asthma and Pulmonary Diseases). This NCD has no limits and restriction on the people across the globe whether they are belonging low, middle- and high-income group. The global death rate for this NCD category is 32 million per year. This is death rate is increasing day by day no matter how advances our medical systems are improving in providing treatments to these non-communicable diseases.



Key Points

    • The noncommunicable disease killing 71% death in the world, and it’s about 41 million per year approx.
    • The age group 30 to 70 years are higher death rate by NCD, which is about 15 million per year. Out of this 15 million, premature death is 85% in the low- and middle-income countries.
    • The first highest NCD death rate is cardiovascular disease (Heart Attack & Stroke), which is about 18 million per year.
    • The second highest is Cancer, which is 9 million per year death per year.
    • Third highest, respiratory and diabetes 4 million & 1.6 million per year death rate respectively.
    • These four diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD death.
    • Unhealthy diet, alcohol, Tobacco use, physical inactivity increases the risk of death by NCD.
    •  Detection, screening and treatments of NCDs, proper care of these four NCDs will reduce this death rate in the world.



Risk of Noncommunicable Diseases


The NCD effects on all age groups, region and countries around the world. It has no boundaries and age limits, although most of the cases are belong to old age groups i.e. 30 to 70 years old. Evidence showed that more than 15 million per year NCD death are belong old age group. However, these also belong to low- and middle-income countries around the world.

Children, adult and elderly people are vulnerable to NCD due to their certain risk factor, that is due to unhealthy diets, physically inactivity, high expose to smoking and higher consumption of alcohol.


All these NCDs are increasing in rapid fast way due to the imbalance and unplanned urbanization, climate change, globalization, increasing unhealthy lifestyle and ageing population. Unhealthy diets, physically inactivity leads to high blood pressure, high glucose level in blood, obesity and high lipid in blood, which is called as metabolic risk causing cardiovascular diseases.


Risk Factor of NCD


The 21st century lifestyle has changed allot of things in society and living standard of human, and their ever-changing behavior towards the fast lifestyle has put them in risk of having NCD in prematurely.

People are increasing their consumption of high tobaccos, unhealthy drinking of alcohol, no physical activity and unhealthy diets put the human in high risk towards the NCD.


  • Increasing tobaccos related death are 7.2 million per year
  • High blood pressure/Heart stroke related death counts of 4.1 million per year
  • Cancer and High alcohol consumption related death 3.3 million per year
  • Physical inactivity causing death of 1.6 million per year


The main metabolic risk factor that associated with NCD is high blood pressure, obesity, high blood sugar and high lipid in blood are the major factor for NCD.  


NCDs impact on the Socioeconomic


The increasing noncommunicable disease threaten the development agenda of sustainable development in the developing countries by reducing the premature death caused by the NCD in one third by 2030.

Poverty is highly linked to the NCD, as the rapid rise of the NCD death cases are higher in the low- and middle-income countries due to their highly changing lifestyle and unhealthy diets. Vulnerability and socially disadvantage people are higher in sick sooner and dies early compare that of higher social position by accessing to good healthcare and good healthy diets. The NCD impact higher in a middle- and low-income family, when one person of the get affected with NCD, as it ruins the all resources by their high expensive treatments and increasing burden to the family. This way, NCD has strong impact on the socioeconomics of the countries.  


Precaution and Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases

The best way to control the NCD is the working the prevention and precaution policy of NCD, and it can be executed by reducing the risk factors associated with NCD. Low-cost solution exists with governments and other organization to reduce and modify the risk factor. Monitor the same by the Govts. by timely manner to reduce the risk factor will definitely help in reduction of NCD deaths.

To become less impact of NCDs on individual family and society, many changes are needed in the all the sector related to education, finance, health system, transportation agriculture, planning etc. for the better coordination towards the reduction in the risk factor will surely improve the premature death.

Countries with low and middle income can improve their health insurance policy towards the families and communities by providing free basic health facility. Similarly, it’s important to improve the NCD management facility to more effective and sensitive towards the reducing risk factors associated with NCD. 


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